March 27, 2020 a new law (CARES Act) was passed which gave funds to everyone in order to pay basic necessities (such as food, rent, gas). Congress forgot to protect those funds from your creditors or your bank.
When Congress passed the CARES Act, they were smart enough to protect the stimulus funds from state and federal government debt collection, but they completely forgot about all the other debt collectors (credit cards, personal loans, bank overdrafts, etc.). These creditors are the ones that Congress should have been focusing on because they are the great majority of all debt collectors.
Do you owe your bank for overdraft fees or unpaid credit cards?
If so, don’t be surprised if your bank keeps the monies you were supposed to receive as part of the COVID-19 funds. The monies are coming from the IRS, using the same bank account information that you used for your tax refunds (both this year and last). If that account is closed the monies will go back to the IRS. Or if that account is overdrawn, or you are not paying a credit card with that bank, then you may find that your bank keeps the money to “offset” what you owe them.
Is every bank taking the stimulus funds?
Some banks say they will not take the funds (there are differing reports on who will not keep the funds), but only time will tell if they will follow through with their promise to let their customers use those funds as they were intended – to pay rent, food and other absolute necessities.
Some Banks Keep Customers’ Stimulus Checks if Accounts are Overdrawn, the New York Times
What can I do if the bank takes the funds?
In a conversation with Business Insider, Lauren Saunders, associate director at the National Consumer Law Center, offered these tips:
1. Call the bank and insist they reverse it. If they don’t comply, ask to speak to a supervisor.
2. If that doesn’t work, reach out to a reporter who can publicize the ongoing issue or call attention to a member of Congress who has the power to reach the decision makers.
3. Use social media to “do whatever you need to do” to make the issue known.
Debt collectors can take the stimulus funds
For a debt collector to garnish your bank account they first need to sue you and then get a judgment (this may be different in your state). Once they have the judgment they can serve a writ of execution on any bank that has your funds (or your employer). The bank will freeze your account and carve out any amount that is exempt under your state law exemptions. Exemptions are different in each state so it is important to talk to an experienced bankruptcy attorney licensed in the state where you live.
Twenty state attorneys general and Hawaii’s Office of Consumer Protection asked Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to ensure that debt collectors and creditors cannot take those funds. A. Treasury spokesperson said the department “is looking into the issue”. Meanwhile, people who desperately need the money, are left high and dry (after all, they don’t need food for their family just because they are out of work for the last four weeks).
WHAT CAN YOU DO TO PROTECT YOUR STIMULUS FUNDS?
CHANGE YOUR BANK ACCOUNT INFORMATION WITH THE IRS
Here’s how to change your bank account information with the IRS: The portal on IRS website where you can update your bank account info is up as of 4/15/20, named “Get my payment“.
I did not file tax returns – how do I get my stimulus money?
Those who don’t have to file tax returns can now submit a simple application to get your COVID-19 funds. Check out the IRS website.
But, you don’t need to do this if you receive Social Security, SSDI, survivor benefits or supplemental Social Security, Railroad retirement and survivor benefits – your funds will go to the same bank account where those monies are automatically deposited.
WARNING: bank, creditors or collection companies cannot garnish your Social Security, SSDI, survivor benefits or supplemental Social Security, Railroad retirement and survivor benefits, but, at this time, they can garnish your stimulus funds.
Be very careful of anyone who contacts you asking for information such as your bank account, social security number, or other information that is none of their business. The IRS has important information about some of these Scams Targeting Taxpayers. Be very careful because this is your financial future and you need to protect it.